How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars Naturally and Its Causes
Dealing with acne can be difficult. If you can relate to this, you’re not alone. You may be wondering how to get rid of acne scars and how to find the best treatment.
Have you had a bad case of acne that left unsightly scars? Long after the pimples have cleared and the redness and irritation have subsided, some of us carry such unwanted reminders.
What is an acne scar?
Acne scars are the result of breakouts caused by skin pores clogged with dead cells, excess oil, and bacteria. The blockage leads to swelling of the pore, which can cause the follicle wall to rupture. This can create deep or shallow lesions that appear prominently on the skin.
Shallow lesions are usually smaller and heal faster than deep ones. A deep breach of the pore wall increases the risk of infected material spilling into the surrounding tissues and thus creating deeper lesions. However, these repairs are not smooth compared to your original ski
Types of Acne Scars
Appropriate treatment options may vary slightly depending on the type of scarring that acne has caused. These are the 3 Types of acne scars:
1. Atrophic scars
These scars appear as small depressions in the skin.
- Glacial scars are small scars that look like pins.
- Rolling scars have fuzzy edges and give the skin a rolling or wavy appearance.
They appear when the skin does not produce enough fibroblasts in the healing process. Fibroblasts are cells that play a vital role in wound healing and collagen production.
2. Hypertrophic scars
This occurs when the skin produces too many fibroblasts as the acne spot heals, causing a raised scar.
3. Keloid scars
They are similar to hypertrophic scars, but tend to be thicker than the original acne spot. Hyperpigmentation often occurs, making them darker than the surrounding skin. They can be red or brown. Itching or pain may also occur.
What causes acne scars?
The root of your acne scars can be found in many places. For example, some skin experts believe that there is a particularly important link between your genetics and the formation of acne scars. If you have sensitive skin or your skin is prone to scarring, then chances are high that you have a genetic component that makes it easy for you to develop acne scars. Additionally, certain types of acne scars, such as hyperpigmentation, may be more common for certain skin tones.
When it comes to how acne scars form, you can trace the root cause of inflammation in the skin. Acne-causing bacteria start causing trouble, the skin around the oil gland located in the hair follicle becomes inflamed and can even disrupt the pore wall. When this happens, your body’s immune system will try to heal the skin, even though the pores are still broken and inflamed. This eventually causes the new tissue to heal improperly, leaving you with acne scars.
Medical Treatment For Scars?
One or a combination of the following approaches may improve the appearance of your skin, depending on the type of scar, skin type, and severity of the scars.
- Home skin care. Using sunscreen can help reduce the contrast between the unscarred skin and the scar. Certain medicated creams, such as those containing azelaic acid or hydroxyl acids, may also help.
- Soft tissue fillers. Injection of collagen, fat, or other substances under the skin can plump the skin over ridged scars. The results are temporary, so the treatment needs to be repeated to maintain the effect. This method has a small risk of skin discoloration.
- Steroid injection. Steroid injections into some types of raised scars can improve the appearance of your skin.
- Laser resurfacing. This approach is becoming increasingly popular and is often used on scars that were once treated with dermabrasion. This technique has an increased risk of side effects in people with darker skin or a history of keloids.
- Other energy-based practices. Pulsed light sources and radio frequency devices help make scars less noticeable without damaging the outer layer of skin. Results are subtle and you may need repeat treatments.
- Dermabrasion. This procedure is usually reserved for more serious scars. Your doctor will remove the top layer of skin with a rapidly rotating brush or other device. Potential serious side effects include scarring and skin discoloration.
- Chemical sawdust. You can repeat mild and moderate peels to maintain results. You can only have one deep peel.
- Skin needling. Your doctor rolls a needle-laden device over the skin to stimulate collagen production in the underlying tissue. It is a safe, simple and possibly effective technique for acne scars. It has a minimal risk of skin discoloration.
- Surgery. Using a small procedure called a punch excision, the doctor cuts out individual acne scars and repairs the wound with stitches or a skin graft. Using a technique called subcision, your doctor inserts needles under the skin to loosen the fibers under the scar.
- Onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox). Sometimes the skin around acne scars wrinkles. The results are temporary, so the treatment needs to be repeated to maintain the effect.
Home treatment For Acne Scars
It is recommended to consult a dermatologist before starting any treatment for scars. It’s important that you know your skin before starting a treatment to reduce acne scars.
1. Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid, a naturally occurring compound, is a popular ingredient in most acne-fighting skin care products. It helps remove dirt, skin cells, impurities from your pores and reduces scarring. which otherwise leads to acne.
This magical ingredient can be used to reduce swelling and redness in the area, which can minimize the appearance of scarring. Salicylic acid is great for all types of scars, but people with sensitive skin are advised to do a patch test before using it all over their face as it can cause irritation or dryness.
2. Alpha hydroxy acids
In addition to being used to treat acne, alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) also help reduce scarring.
AHA acids help exfoliate the skin’s rough outer surface, improving texture and revealing fresh skin underneath. This can help with discoloration due to scarring.
3. Lactic acid
Lactic acid is found in the form of various creams and lotions, which are available at the nearest drugstore. Many acne products contain lactic acid.
Lactic acid works as a gentle exfoliant to lift dead skin cells. It improves the overall texture of the skin and reduces the appearance of scars. Lactic acid can help lighten dark scar tissue, but in certain cases it can cause hyperpigmentation. Because of this possible side effect, a patch test is recommended before use.
Dermatologists recommend them to reduce discoloration and improve skin texture. Topical retinoids are a good choice for treating fresh acne scars.
Home Remedies Foe Acne Scars
1. Coconut oil
Studies show that coconut oil keeps your skin moist. It prevents the skin from producing excess serum, which reduces the risk of acne scars.
2. Shea butter
Shea butter contains anti-inflammatory properties that help fight acne-causing bacteria. It also helps reduce discoloration and acne marks.
3. Turmeric powder
Turmeric’s anti-inflammatory properties help fight acne and prevent scarring.
4. Lemon and honey
The Lemon and honey together can do wonders for your skin. Lemon is acidic in nature and contains antibacterial properties. This can rid your skin of excess oil and fight bacteria.
Lemon may not suit everyone’s skin due to its acidic properties. It’s also a great way to naturally moisturize your skin and prevent it from producing too much sebum.
5. Baking soda
However, skin care experts do not recommend baking soda. It is said to absorb essential oils that can cause excess sebum production.
You can mix one part baking soda and two parts water to create a gentle scrub.
6. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera helps regulate melanin production. This helps reduce pigmentation and discoloration.
7. Essential oils
Essential oils have wound healing properties. They help prevent the development of scar tissue. They also reduce inflammation, redness and smooth the texture of your skin.
8. Onion extracts
Onion extracts can help reduce acne scarring along with inflammation, redness, and pain. You can mix 1 tablespoon of onion extract and olive oil and apply on your face.
How can you prevent acne scars?
Prevention is better than cure. So understanding your skin and taking the right precautions is essential. Here are some skin care tips to avoid acne and scars.
1. Avoid the Sun
Being adventurous is fun, but not at the expense of your health. Too much sun can dehydrate your body.
This can cause excess oil production, which sometimes leads to clogged pores. If you have to spend a lot of time in the sun, make sure you stay hydrated.
2. Use sunscreen
Sun damage can lead to dark spots and acne scars. Therefore, apply a sunscreen with at least SPF 30 every day throughout the year. Wearing sunscreen will make any acne scarring you develop less visible.
5. Don’t Pop Your Pimples
Popping pimples can increase inflammation. Not only can this leave a scar, but it can also cause acne.
Avoid touching your face as your hands carry bacteria and dirt that can lead to clogged pores.
4. Follow a skin care routine
Follow a proper skin care regimen. Don’t forget to wash your face and remove your makeup before hitting the pillow. Cleanse, tone and hydrate regularly. Stay hydrated.
5. Do not scrub too hard
Don’t exfoliate your face every day. This can cause skin inflammation, redness and itching, which can lead to rashes. However, keep your skin hydrated.
6. Treat your rashes
In order to prevent scarring, it is important to get your acne problems under control and prevent them from developing into a more serious form. Products like salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide can target your current acne problems while preventing future breakouts. Additionally, you can make certain lifestyle changes like staying hydrated, eating right, etc. to prevent acne from developing.
8. Stay hydrated
Water plays a major role in preventing acne and scarring. To prevent excess oil production (which can sometimes lead to clogged pores), stay hydrated.
How can I prevent acne scars?
It’s not always possible to prevent acne or scarring, but people with acne can take steps to reduce the risk.
These include seeking treatment while acne is present and avoiding picking, popping, or touching acne, which can lead to infections and a higher risk of scarring.
How can I remove acne scars and discoloration?
Depending on the type and extent of scarring, there are different ways to remove or reduce acne scars. For example, fillers can help jagged or atrophic acne scars. Laser treatment can reduce hyperpigmentation and flatten raised scars.
A dermatologist can help decide on the appropriate option depending on the person’s skin type and the extent and type of scarring.
Can treatment remove scars permanently?
Treatment can often help clear up scars, but scars also tend to fade over time. How effective the treatment will be will depend in part on the type and extent of scarring and the person’s skin type.
Treatment can be expensive and time-consuming, and it pays to think carefully and talk to your dermatologist about what to expect.
Do genetics and race affect scarring?
Yes. Dermatologists consider acne and acne scars to be strongly genetic. Up to 81% of people with acne have a family history of the disease. You are also more likely to develop hypertrophic and keloid scars if people in your family get them.
Race and skin color also affect the type of acne scars a person develops. White people tend to have more redness.
How long does it take for acne scars to fade?
It depends on the person an. Depressed (atrophic) or raised (hypertrophic) acne scars do not disappear on their own. They can become more or less noticeable as people age, and it is impossible to predict when this will happen.
The discolored spots that acne causes will eventually fade on their own. For people with darker skin, daily use of sunscreen can speed up this process.